Graham CA. Upheaval in Europe. European Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Oct 1;23:319. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000423.

Graham CA. Continuing challenges: migrants, terrorism, weather and Zika. European Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Apr 1;23(2):79. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000384. No abstract available.

Graham CA. Emergency medicine: this is what we do. European Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Feb 1;23(1):1. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000363


Graham CA. The changing face of emergency medicine. Eur J Emerg Med. 2015 Jun;22(3):149. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000276. [Abstract]

Graham CA. Emergency department intensive care units—Does the evidence support this model of care? J Crit Care. 2015 Jun;30(3):643. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2015.03.011. Epub 2015 Mar 18. [Abstract]

Graham CA. Emergency medicine in Europe: looking forward to 2015. Eur J Emerg Med. 2015 Feb;22(1):1. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000238. [Abstract]

Graham CA. The annual winter surge – why are we so surprised? Eur J Emerg Med. 2015 Apr;22(2):71. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000262. No abstract available. [Abstract]



Graham CA, Chan JW, Chan CP, Cattermole GN, Rainer TH. Prospective validation of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction and front door Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk scores in Chinese patients presenting to the ED with chest pain. Am J Emerg Med. 2014 Nov;32(11):1339-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2014.08.032. Epub 2014 Aug 21. PMID: 25262326 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Temporary pelvic stabilization after trauma. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jan 23;370(4):388. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc1314511#SA1. No abstract available. PMID:24450914 [Abstract]


Graham CA.The future of emergency medicine is education. Eur J Emerg Med. 2014 Feb;21(1):1. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000118. No abstract available. PMID:24368320


Graham CA. Coming together to advance the specialty of emergency medicine in Europe. Eur J Emerg Med. 2014 Dec;21(6):393. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000222. No abstract available. PMID:25350713 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Emergency physicians under pressure – are we sustainable? Eur J Emerg Med. 2014 Aug;21(4):245. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000177. No abstract available. PMID:24977917 [Abstract]



Graham CA, Tsay SX, Rotheray KR, Rainer TH.Validation of the TIMI risk score in Chinese patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain. Int J Cardiol. 2013 Sep 20;168(1):597-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.01.233. Epub 2013 Feb 28. No abstract available. PMID:23453446 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Progress in Europe. Eur J Emerg Med. 2013 Oct;20(5):303. doi: 10.1097/01.mej.0000433925.83191.5e. No abstract available. PMID:23970063 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Rainer TH. Utility of S100B in head injury care. Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Jan;61(1):120-1. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.05.045. No abstract available. PMID:23260690 [Abstract]


Graham CA. A new year, a new beginning.

Eur J Emerg Med. 2013 Feb;20(1):1. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e32835dcaaa. No abstract available. PMID:23263610 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Crisis? What crisis? Eur J Emerg Med. 2013 Aug;20(4):229. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e3283642037. No abstract available. PMID: 23797346 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Carpe diem. Eur J Emerg Med. 2013 Apr;20(2):71. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e32835f9834. No abstract available. PMID: 23435334 [Abstract]



Graham CA, Chan RW, Chan DY, Chan CP, Wong LK, Rainer TH. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 mRNA: an early prognostic marker for patients with acute stroke. Clin Biochem. 2012 Mar;45(4-5):352-5. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2011.12.006. Epub 2011 Dec 19. PMID:22200563 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Rational emergency stroke care in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Med J. 2012 Jun;18(3):262-3. No abstract available. PMID: 22665697 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Unity leads to progress. Eur J Emerg Med. 2012 Dec;19(6):345. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e32835a6875. No abstract available. PMID: 23044780 [Abstract]




Graham CA. EJEM Editorial. Eur J Emerg Med. 2011 Feb;18(1):1. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e328343bb65. No abstract available. PMID: 24736437 [Abstract]



Graham CA. Ethics in emergency medicine conferences. Eur J Emerg Med. 2011 Dec;18(6):313. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e32834e60ab. No abstract available. PMID:22044906 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Disaster medicine is an integral component of emergency medicine.

Eur J Emerg Med. 2011 Apr;18(2):63. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e328345ac88. No abstract available. PMID: 21386683 [Abstract]



Graham CA. European Journal of Emergency Medicine: state of the union. Eur J Emerg Med. 2010 Oct;17(5):245. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e32833ed153. No abstract available.

PMID: 20805720 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Ong YS. Hamman sign. CJEM. 2010 Jan;12(1):63. No abstract available. PMID: 20078922 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Pain relief in the emergency department. Eur J Emerg Med. 2010 Feb;17(1):1. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e328335ef28. No abstract available.

PMID:20029274 [Abstract]


Graham CA. The European Society for Emergency Medicine: progress in Stockholm [corrected]. Eur J Emerg Med. 2010 Dec;17(6):315. doi:10.1097/MEJ.0b013e328341e11c. No abstract available. [Abstract]


Graham CA. Interesting times. Eur J Emerg Med. 2010 Aug;17(4):185. doi:10.1097/MEJ.0b013e32833cf256. No abstract available. PMID:20588124 [Abstract]




Graham CA. Emergency medicine across the globe: improving scientific writing.

Eur J Emerg Med. 2009 Oct;16(5):233. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e328331dc5e. No abstract available. PMID: 19730285 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Cheung CS, Rainer TH.EMS systems in Hong Kong. Resuscitation. 2009 Jul;80(7):736-9. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2009.04.018. Epub 2009 May 20. Review. PMID:19467761 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Critical care in emergency medicine. Eur J Emerg Med. 2009 Dec;16(6):295. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e328334c242. No abstract available. PMID: 19904080 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Cattermole GN. Morphine should be abandoned as a treatment for acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. Emerg Med Australas. 2009 Apr;21(2):160. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-6723.2009.01173.x. No abstract available. PMID:19422415 [Abstract]



Graham CA. When should we stop resuscitation efforts after blunt traumatic arrest?

Injury. 2008 Sep;39(9):967-9. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2008.06.017. No abstract available.

PMID:18675417 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Central venous catheterization–subclavian vein. N Engl J Med. 2008 Apr 17;358(16):1759; author reply 1760. No abstract available. PMID:18426010 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Injury prevention activities: what should we really be doing? Injury. 2007 May;38(5):548-9. No abstract available. PMID: 17472789 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Gordon MW, Roy CW, Hanlon PW. Long-term outcomes of major trauma without head injury in the West of Scotland: pilot case-control study. Eur J Emerg Med. 2007 Feb;14(1):35-8. PMID: 17198324 [Abstract]



Graham CA, Wares GM, Munro PT. Mortality after trauma intubation without drugs in Scottish emergency departments. Resuscitation. 2006 Jun;69(3):395-7. Epub 2006 Apr 11. PMID:16584828 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Cheng CH, Rainer TH, Wong KS. Organized stroke care must include the emergency department. Stroke. 2006 Jul;37(7):1652; author reply 1653. Epub 2006 Jun 1. No abstract available. PMID: 16741168 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Irons AJ, Munro PT. Paracetamol and salicylate testing: routinely required for all overdose patients? Eur J Emerg Med. 2006 Feb;13(1):26-8. PMID:16374244 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Yu AH, Chan SS, Rainer TH. Primary emergency surgical airway for trismus caused by electrical burn. Burns. 2006 Dec;32(8):1062-3. Epub 2006 Sep 29. No abstract available. PMID:17011130 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Interhospital trauma transfers: room for improvement? Injury. 2005 Sep;36(9):1058-9. No abstract available. PMID: 16098333 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Macdonald A, Stevenson J. Children’s injuries in a Scottish district general hospital. Injury. 2005 Sep;36(9):1040-4. PMID:16051238 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Emergency department airway management in the UK. J R Soc Med. 2005 Mar;98(3):107-10. Review. No abstract available. PMID: 15738552 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Parke TR. Critical care in the emergency department: shock and circulatory support. Emerg Med J. 2005 Jan;22(1):17-21. Review. PMID:15611535 [Abstract]



Graham CA, Oglesby AJ, Beard D, McKeown DW. Laryngoscopic views during rapid sequence intubation in the emergency department. CJEM. 2004 Nov;6(6):416-20.

PMID: 17378960 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Beard D, Henry JM, McKeown DW. Rapid sequence intubation of trauma patients in Scotland. J Trauma. 2004 May;56(5):1123-6. PMID: 15179256 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Advanced airway management in the emergency department: what are the training and skills maintenance needs for UK emergency physicians? Emerg Med J. 2004 Jan;21(1):14-9. Review. PMID: 14734367 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Pharmacological therapy of acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema in the emergency department. Emerg Med Australas. 2004 Feb;16(1):47-54. Review. PMID: 15239755 [Abstract]


Graham CA. Stridor after ingestion of dettol and domestos. Eur J Emerg Med. 2004 Feb;11(1):52-4. PMID:15167195 [Abstract]



Graham CA. Editorial comment–Transient cerebral ischemia demands urgent evaluation.

Stroke. 2003 Oct;34(10):2451-2. Epub 2003 Sep 18. No abstract available.

PMID:14500925 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Brittliff J, Beard D, McKeown DW. Airway equipment in Scottish emergency departments. Eur J Emerg Med. 2003 Mar;10(1):16-8. PMID:12637855 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Beard D, Oglesby AJ, Thakore SB, Beale JP, Brittliff J, Johnston MA, McKeown DW, Parke TR. Rapid sequence intubation in Scottish urban emergency departments.

Emerg Med J. 2003 Jan;20(1):3-5. PMID: 12533357 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Kumaravel M, Stevenson J. Ambulance paramedic activities in North Ayrshire: a five-year review. Eur J Emerg Med. 2003 Dec;10(4):279-82.

PMID:14676504 [Abstract]



Graham CA, Beard D, McKeown DW. Airway management in the emergency department.

Br J Anaesth. 2002 Oct;89(4):659-60. No abstract available. PMID:12393376 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Scollon D. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for undergraduate medical students: a five-year study. Med Educ. 2002 Mar;36(3):296-8. PMID:11879522 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Wares GM. Delayed diagnosis of cardiac tamponade. Br J Anaesth. 2002 Apr;88(4):610; author reply 610-1. No abstract available. PMID:12066751 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Lewis NF. Evaluation of a new method for the carotid pulse check in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Resuscitation. 2002 Apr;53(1):37-40.

PMID:11947977 [Abstract]



Graham CA, McNaughton GW, Wyatt JP. The electrocardiogram in hypothermia.

Wilderness Environ Med. 2001 Winter;12(4):232-5. PMID:11769917 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Munro PT. Attempted nail-gun suicide: fluid management in penetrating cardiac injury. Injury. 2001 Sep;32(7):607. No abstract available. PMID: 11570415 [Abstract]


Graham CA, McNaughton GW, Ireland AJ, Cassells K. Take home naloxone for opiate addicts. Drug misusers may benefit from training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

BMJ. 2001 Oct 20;323(7318):934; author reply 935. No abstract available.

PMID: 11693142 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Gordon MW. Status epilepticus in accident and emergency: a difficult case.

Emerg Med J. 2001 Nov;18(6):492-3. No abstract available. PMID:11696512 [Abstract]



Graham CA. Management of unexplained coma in children. Eur J Emerg Med. 2000 Sep;7(3):241-4. PMID:11142278 [Abstract]


Graham CA, O’Toole SJ, Haddock G. Neonatal head injuries. J Accid Emerg Med. 2000 Sep;17(5):334-6. PMID:11005402 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Stevenson J. Frozen chips: an unusual cause of severe frostbite injury.

Br J Sports Med. 2000 Oct;34(5):382-3. PMID:11049150 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Lewis NF. A scoring system for the assessment of basic life support ability.

Resuscitation. 2000 Jan;43(2):111-4. PMID: 10694170 [Abstract]


Graham CA, O’Toole SJ, Watson AJ, Munro FD, Haddock G. Pancreatic trauma in Scottish children. J R Coll Surg Edinb. 2000 Aug;45(4):223-6. PMID:11130020 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Munro PT. Airway management in the accident and emergency department.

Anaesthesia. 2000 Aug;55(8):814. No abstract available. PMID:10947705 [Abstract]




Graham CA, McNaughton GW, Crawford R. ‘Popping’: a cause of soft tissue sepsis in chronic drug abusers. Eur J Emerg Med. 1999 Sep;6(3):259-61. PMID:10622394 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Hearns ST. Major incidents: training for on site medical personnel.

J Accid Emerg Med. 1999 Sep;16(5):336-8. PMID: 10505912 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Latif Z, Muriithi EW, Belcher PR, Ireland AJ. Acute traumatic cardiac tamponade treated solely by percutaneous pericardial drainage.

Injury. 1998 Jul;29(6):473-4. No abstract available. PMID: 9813707 [Abstract]


Graham CA, McLeod LS, Steedman DJ. Restricting extensions to permitted licensing hours does not influence the numbers of alcohol or assault related attendances at an inner city accident and emergency department. J Accid Emerg Med. 1998 Jan;15(1):23-5.

PMID: 9475218 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Scollon D, McGowan J, Gordon MW. Resuscitation. IV: Advanced paediatric life support. Br J Hosp Med. 1997 Sep 3-16;58(5):221-4. Review. PMID:9488820 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Scollon D, McGowan J, Gordon MW. Resuscitation. 1: Basic life support.

Br J Hosp Med. 1997 Jun 18-Jul 8;58(1):15-8. Review. PMID:9337913 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Scollon D, McGowan J, Gordon MW. Resuscitation. II: Advanced cardiac life support. Br J Hosp Med. 1997 Jul 9-Aug 19;58(2-3):101-4. Review. PMID: 9349376 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Meyer AD. Prehospital emergency rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia.

J Accid Emerg Med. 1997 Jul;14(4):219-21. Erratum in: J Accid Emerg Med 1997 Sep;14(5):350. PMID: 9248907 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Gibson AJ, Goutcher CM, Scollon D. Anaesthesia for the management of distal radius fractures in adults in Scottish hospitals. Eur J Emerg Med. 1997 Dec;4(4):210-2.

PMID: 9444505 [Abstract]


Graham CA, McLeod LS, Mitchell RG, Wyatt JP, Walker WS. Survival after laceration of the superior vena cava from blunt chest trauma. Eur J Emerg Med. 1996 Sep;3(3):191-3.

PMID: 9023500 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Scollon D. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for UK undergraduate dental students. Resuscitation. 1996 Sep;32(2):105-8. PMID: 9019797 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Sinclair MT. A survey of advanced trauma life-support training for trainees in acute surgical specialties. Injury. 1996 Nov;27(9):631-4. PMID:9039359 [Abstract]



Graham CA, Hair A. Management of ventricular fibrillation by doctors in cardiac arrest teams. Local training also has major impact. BMJ. 1995 May 13;310(6989):1266. No abstract available. PMID: 7632241 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Guest KA, Scollon D. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Paper 2: A survey of basic life support training for medical students. J Accid Emerg Med. 1994 Sep;11(3):165-7. PMID: 7804581 [Abstract]


Graham CA, Guest KA, Scollon D. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Paper 1: A survey of undergraduate training in UK medical schools. J Accid Emerg Med. 1994 Sep;11(3):162-4. [Abstract]


Graham CA. Training in medical emergencies. BMJ. 1994 Aug 13;309(6952):477. No abstract available. PMID: 7920155 [Abstract]